Forests and Climate Change Programme (FORCLIME)


The Programme’s overall objective is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the forest sector while improving the livelihoods of Indonesia’s poor rural communities across Eastern Indonesia, specifically in Central Sulawesi, Papua and West Papua. To achieve this goal, the Programme team assists the Indonesian Government and provincial authorities in the design and implementation of legal, policy and institutional reforms aimed at the conservation and sustainable management of forests at the local, provincial and national levels. Support for the mobilization of climate finance for forest resource management are a feature of the programme, providing decision-makers with experience of how REDD+ can be implemented “on the ground”.


FORCLIME Technical Cooperation (TC) is a programme that is being implemented by the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry and GIZ, and is funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The Forests and Climate Change Programme (FORCLIME) supports the Government of Indonesia in its endeavour to mitigate the effects of climate change through forestry sector reform, capacity development and the implementation of best management practices for sustainable forest management and biodiversity conservation. Field-based activities are being supported in selected districts of the provinces of Papua, West Papua and Central Sulawesi as a part of the Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (“REDD”) initiative and to help develop a forest-based bioeconomy. FORCLIME is funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and is implemented by GIZ (German International Cooperation) in conjunction with the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry, specifically its Bureau of Planning as the Program Executing Agency.


  • The Forests and Climate Change Programme (FORCLIME) comprises the following four strategic areas:
    • National and Regional Policy Framework

    Strategic Area 1 of FORCLIME 4.0 (TC Module) encompasses policy advice and support for the preparation and improvement of regulations and planning documents for sustainable forest management and biodiversity conservation at both the national and sub-national levels. These activities encompass policy advice and support within several key areas, specifically: forest governance, climate change (REDD+ and NDC targets), conservation, FMU policies and regulations, fiscal compensation, gender-related policy and the harmonisation of national and regional regulations.

    • Sustainable Forest Management (SFM)

    FORCLIME and the Government of Indonesia are working together in order to achieve sustainable forest management (SFM) through the cementing of sustainable economic, technological and social values. FMUs are offering a vital public service in order to achieve these goals and are working alongside community-based forest management schemes and with the full support of FORCLIME within the districts of Jayapura and Merauke in Papua, Tambrauw and Sorong Selatan in West Papua, and the Lore Lindu Biosphere reserve in Central Sulawesi.

    • Human Capacity Development

    FORCLIME engages in human-resource capacity development at the national and sub-national levels within the context of sustainable forest management, community welfare and emissions reductions. FORCLIME’s approach to human resources encompasses policy, education and training. The latter two approaches are primarily pursued through training centres located in Bogor and Makassar, as well as a number of local universities.

    • Integrated Biodiversity Conservation and Watershed Management Within the Lore Lindu Landscape/Biosphere Reserve

    FORCLIME is working to create an integrated management system within the Lore Lindu Biosphere reserve that encompasses FMUs, agriculture, development areas and villages. Through support for conservation within this vital biosphere, sustainable forest management, community welfare and emissions reductions are all being dynamically addressed.

    FORCLIME’s work in Lore Lindu is in line with government policies and international conventions on biodiversity and the conservation of ecosystems. FORCLIME will work with its partners within the Lore Lindu Biosphere Reserve in order to weigh up the advantages and disadvantages of various approaches in terms of their impact upon the environment and local communities. Said approaches will also be compared with best-practice examples from other Indonesian biosphere reserves in order to put a firm foundation in place for future policies and initiatives to build on.


Forestry professionals, Local communities





Jan 2021 - Dec 2023

Commission Agency



  • Georg Buchholz
  • AV
  • Ratu Wina Widyawati
  • Programme Officer (Information and Knowledge Management)