2009 – 2016
FORCLIME, the Forests and Climate Change Programme delivered by GIZ in Indonesia, comes face to face with the country’s political and institutional challenges. The overarching goal of FORCLIME is the development and refinement of government built institutional and governance frameworks to allow a reduction in GHG gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, biodiversity conservation, livelihood improvement of local communities and a facilitation of local communities towards Green Economy in Indonesia.
The structure of the German forestry management and administration model is a good one. The German system for managing forests with the forestry offices and district rangers with clearly mapped out forest areas appears to be the best solution
— Mr. Basah Hernowo, the National Development Planning Board/BAPPENAS
FORCLIME’s approach is divided into six strategic areas:
Strategic Area 1 – Forest Policy: At the national, provincial and district levels FORCLIME provides policy advice to gear forest sector strategies and medium-term plans towards the requirements of GHG emission reductions, forest governance and sustainable development.
Strategic Area 2 – Forest Management Unit Development: supports the establishment and development of FMUs in Indonesia. FORCLIME supports the implementation of FMU design, planning and management in three selected Model FMUs in Berau, Kapuas Hulu and Malinau districts in Kalimantan.
Strategic Area 3 – Sustainable Forest Management: Analyzing the effects of sustainable forest management on emission reductions compared to a Business As Usual (BAU) scenario.
Strategic Area 4 – Green Economy: Mainstreaming Green Economy principles in development planning and enhancing sustainable livelihoods of communities in and around forests.
Strategic Area 5 – Human Capacity Development: FORCLIME’s assistance in the field of Human Capacity Development (HCD) among relevant forestry stakeholders.
Strategic Area 6 – Biodiversity and Management of Protected Areas: Provides assistance on biodiversity and protected areas management at the national and sub-national levels in order to support sustainable forest management that contributes to the benefit and welfare of communities as well as to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from the forestry sector in Indonesia
The programme aims to:
- provide policy advice to gear forest sector strategies and medium term plans towards the requirements of GHG emission reduction
- support the establishment and development of Forest Management Unit Development in Indonesia
- analyse the effects of sustainable forest management on emission reductions compared to a Business As Usual (BAU) scenario
- mainstream Green Economy Principals in development planning and enhancing sustainable livelihoods of communities in and around forests
- assist in Human Capacity Development (HCD) among relevant forestry stakeholders
- assist on biodiversity and protected areas management at the national and sub-national levels in order to support sustainable forest management that contribute to the welfare of communities as well as GHG emissions
The most significant change from the partnership with FORCLIME is the improvement in the performance of the Forestry Education and Training Centre, including the use of video conferencing. I don’t need to be physically present when opening/closing meetings/courses. Forestry vocational secondary schools developed not only in Kalimantan, but across Indonesia. Although this has attracted some criticism, this is something that we are proud of. Additionally, a change in the mind-set of the teachers or instructors who were initially resistant to e-learning; now they accept it as a learning and teaching method that’s different from the conventional method.
— Dr. Agus Justianto, former Head of the Forestry Education and Training Centre (for about four years), the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry
FORCLIME supports the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) to improve the regulatory framework for sustainable forest management through administrative reforms, including the establishment of Forest Management Units (FMUs). The MoEF has established 120 FMU Models and its goal is to establish 600 FMUs by 2020. FORCLIME’s supports have provided baselines for Forest Management Units (FMU) management. Activities include forest inventories, land-use assessments and socio-economic surveys which have been developed and established in three pilot districts in Kalimantan (Berau, Malinau, Kapuas Hulu). FMU management plans have been established in accordance with green economy, renewable energy, climate protection, business development, fire prevention, conflict-sensitivity, biodiversity targets and sustainable forest management principles. MoEF as well as sub-national governments are committed (in terms of providing human and financial resources) towards the implementation of forestry sector reforms.
FORCLIME provides assistance on human resource capacity development that focuses on (1) Developing policies with regard to human resource capacity development; (2) Strengthening the management capacity of training and educational institutions (particularly the Center of Forest Education and Training – CFET- in Bogor); and (3) Development of trainings related to Forest Management Units (FMU) and climate change mitigation in the forestry sector.
Since the end of 2014, FORCLIME supports the CFET on the e-learning development. Starting with structured planning, FORCLIME collaboratively develops the education and training systems and facilities, and builds the capacity of the instructors, managers and decision makers. In one e-learning intake, CFET can produce 822 graduates. This is far more than from the conventional, classroom-based teaching and learning we have been doing. E-learning makes the delivery of education and training very efficient. This is significant because it supports to achieve the target of the national medium-term development plan. The target in the 2015-2019 National Medium Term Development Plan is a three-fold increase in the implementation of education and training delivered by the education and training centre compared with the previous period (2009-2014). The MoEF Strategic Plan 2014-2019 aims at providing training to 41,800 people over the next five years.