The findings underline that the region’s climate has been changing fast and will continue to do so in the future. Temperatures have risen faster than the global average, and further warming can be expected even under a low emissions scenario, especially at higher altitudes and during the winter season. Glaciers in the region will lose considerable mass in the 21st century. Precipitation across the region could change by up to 25%, increasing in some areas whilst decreasing in others. For middle hill and mountain communities that lie far above streams and rivers,
water availability may change drastically.