This paper details the links to ABS in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Nagoya Protocol’s indirect support of the SDGs and their targets. The document underlines the relevance of ABS for achieving the SDGs, on matters as wide ranging as poverty alleviation, food security, climate change, health, economic growth, innovation, oceans and governance. It also explains the many direct and indirect references made to ABS in several SDG targets, which are shown in several tables.