Fodder to fuel: Integrating improvements into dairy management

This is a UPNRM project implemented by the Mitra Association for Social Services (MASS) in Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh:
Tribal families are over-dependent on the forest as they are unable to sustain themselves solely on the income from orchard farming (WADI), especially during the gestation period. Hence, the project supports 699 Self Help Group members, mostly WADI farmers and marginal landholders, to take-up integrated animal husbandry as a complementary livelihood. The sale of surplus milk doubles their yearly income to Rs. 36,000. Using the cow dung as organic manure, they also replace chemical fertilizer worth Rs. 200,000 with 1,000 tons of cow dung each year.