The study provides an overview of the ecological status of the sanctuary and estuarine areas of Chorao Island, Goa. It identifies the gaps in available data for a comprehensive ecological baseline assessment of the sanctuary. The report also highlights the existing management and conservation plans and identifies opportunities for the conservation of estuarine areas of Chorao Island. A mode of participatory management has been suggested for the island estuarine ecosystem that includes three different processes, viz. planning, establishment of institutions, and community participation.