This manual addresses goals and actions outlined in the Coral Triangle Initiative – National Plan of Action (CTI-NPOA), specifically Goal #5 which is to improve the monitoring of threatened species status in the region through Action 5.2, or the endorsement and implementation of the National Plan of Action for the Conservation and Management of Sharks and Other Cartilaginous Fishes (NPOA-Sharks). It also responds to the Sulu-Sulawesi Marine Ecoregion (SSME) Comprehensive Action Plan for Threatened, Charismatic, and Migratory Species. The Tri-National Committee of the SSME developed the Comprehensive Action Plans (CAP) that identified seven Key Result Areas (KRAs) to improve the status of sharks and rays in the SSME, as follows: (a) Develop and promote options and new conservation and management agreements for whale sharks and other CITES-listed species in the SSME; (b) Provide recommendations on the management of threatened pelagic migratory sharks and rays in overfishing or as bycatch in specific fisheries and fishing gear; (c) Promote conservation and management of endemic cartilaginous species (sharks and rays).