Access to natural resources such as land and water is an essential basis for food security and to safeguard economic livelihoods. However, available land is limited and with the growing global population it is becoming ever scarcer. The primary task of land-use planning is to harmonise the differing land-use interests in a particular area so that the land can be used sustainably for the general good. Land-use planning specifies the purposes for which land in rural areas may be used. The guiding principle in this decision-making is that land, as a scarce resource, must be used optimally and sustainably. This serves to secure the economic livelihoods of the rural population over the long term, while simultaneously establishing a solid basis for investment. Land-use planning follows specific basic principles, including participation, integration, methodological diversity, subsidiarity and feasibility, to name but a few.