A Framework on Biodiversity Indicators and Parameters for Multipurpose Monitoring System in South Sumatera

Indonesia is known as a mega diversity country and the nation attention to the conservation of biological diversity is very high. It is stated in the Principal Law of the Republic of Indonesia (UUD 1945) and also is expressed by the Indonesian government’s commitment to ratify the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1992 at a meeting of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (the Rio “Earth Summit”) and followed by the assignment of Law No. 5 of 1994 on the Ratification of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity. Further, to support the achievement one of the objectives of the CBD, the Law No. 11 in 2013 on the Ratification of the Nagoya Protocol on access to genetic resources and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the balanced and utilization on biodiversity has also been realized. Conservation of biodiversity have been also given special attention in Law No. 41 in 1999 on forestry, in particular specific location has been allocated in the form forest nature reserves, forest conservation, and hunting parks. The allocation of space for the protection of essential ecosystem functions (peat ecosystems, freshwater swamp ecosystem and other protected areas) are also mandated in the Act No. 26 in 2007 on the National Spatial Planning.